Thrust to weight ratio:

Maximum:

F-22 = 1.61

Typhoon = 1.76

Nominal:

F-22 = 1.14

Typhoon = 1.21

Minimum:

F-22 = 0.83

Typhoon = 0.82

These are the thrust-to-weight values for the engines running on full afterburners. However, afterburners consume lots of fuel and cannot be used frequently in air combat. Therefore, it is interesting to look at thrust-to-weight without afterburners:

Nominal Thrust-to-weight without afterburners:

F-22 = 0.76

Typhoon = 0.88

F-22

Empty weight = 19,700 kg

Thrust = 2*156 kN

maximum thrust-to-weight-ratio = 2*156/(9.81*19.700) = 1.61

Nominal weight = 19,700 kg + 8,200 kg = 27900 kg

nominal thrust-to-weight-ratio = 2*156/(9.81*27.900) = 1.14

Maximum take-off-weight = 38,000 kg

Maximum thrust-to-weight-ratio = 2*156/(9.81*38.000) = 1.14

Wing loading:

Minimum:

F-22 = 252 kg/m²

Typhoon = 215 kg/m²

Nominal:

F-22 = 357 kg/m²

Typhoon = 312 kg/m²

Maximum:

F-22 = 487 kg/m²

Typhoon = 459 kg/m²

Wing Area = 78.04 m²

Maximum = 38000/78.04 kg/m² = 487 kg/m²

Nominal = 27900/78.04 kg/m² = 357 kg/m²

Minimum = 19700/78.04 kg/m² = 252 kg/m²

Rate of Climb:

F-22 = 200 m/s

Typhoon = 315 m/s

Ferry Range:

Maximum payload:

F-22 = 8700 kg - with external weapons, i.e. unstealthed

Typhoon = 7500 kg

Maximum:

F-22 = 1.61

Typhoon = 1.76

Nominal:

F-22 = 1.14

Typhoon = 1.21

Minimum:

F-22 = 0.83

Typhoon = 0.82

These are the thrust-to-weight values for the engines running on full afterburners. However, afterburners consume lots of fuel and cannot be used frequently in air combat. Therefore, it is interesting to look at thrust-to-weight without afterburners:

Nominal Thrust-to-weight without afterburners:

F-22 = 0.76

Typhoon = 0.88

Empty weight = 19,700 kg

Thrust = 2*156 kN

maximum thrust-to-weight-ratio = 2*156/(9.81*19.700) = 1.61

Nominal weight = 19,700 kg + 8,200 kg = 27900 kg

nominal thrust-to-weight-ratio = 2*156/(9.81*27.900) = 1.14

Maximum take-off-weight = 38,000 kg

Maximum thrust-to-weight-ratio = 2*156/(9.81*38.000) = 1.14

Wing loading:

Minimum:

F-22 = 252 kg/m²

Typhoon = 215 kg/m²

Nominal:

F-22 = 357 kg/m²

Typhoon = 312 kg/m²

Maximum:

F-22 = 487 kg/m²

Typhoon = 459 kg/m²

Maximum = 38000/78.04 kg/m² = 487 kg/m²

Nominal = 27900/78.04 kg/m² = 357 kg/m²

Minimum = 19700/78.04 kg/m² = 252 kg/m²

Service Ceiling

F-22 = 19,812 m

Typhoon = 16.765 kmF-22 = 200 m/s

Typhoon = 315 m/s

F-22 = 3219 km - with external fuel tanks, i.e. unstealthed

Typhoon = 3790 km

Typhoon = 3790 km

F-22 = 8700 kg - with external weapons, i.e. unstealthed

Typhoon = 7500 kg

Maximum speed:

F-22 = Mach 2.25

Typhoon = Mach 2.35

Supercruise speed:

F-22 = Mach 1.8

Typhoon = Mach 1.5

So where does the F-22 excell? Its higher service ceiling and faster supercruising speed. Both are helpfull in beyond visual range combat. The theoretical ferry range and maximum payload completely compromise any stealth advantages the F-22 may have. So in practice, range and payload are a drawback of the F-22. The lower top speed and rate of climb appears to suggest that the F-22 suffers from considerably more drag than the typhoon. In terms of thrust-to-weight ratio as well as wing loading the typhoon is clearly superior. So it should not be surprising that the Typhoon is superior to the F-22 in within visual range combat.

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